Cause and effect essays are all about how and why certain events happen (causes) and what happens as a result of those events (effects). Cause and effect is a widespread process to manage and argue over different points. Cause and effect writing is a way of providing reasons and explanations for results, circumstances, or actions. It responds to most of the needs to understand the world around us.
Planning to write:
When students plan to write a cause and effect essay, they should begin by listing the events or conditions they wish to talk about, followed by brainstorming which will help in generating ideas about both, causes and their effects. Tip: You should always do additional research on your topic to understand other causes and effects.
Once you have created a list, it’s time to shortlist the causes and effects. Begin by thinking carefully about the causes and effects you have noted down during the brainstorming session. As part of drafting, students find it very helpful if they illustrate their ideas in the form of a process diagram or picture. This eventually helps you to make sure students are on track and are not deviating to any misleading conclusions. In case the conclusions are misleading, the whole essence of the cause and effect relationship will not develop and could lead to a bad grade.
It’s drafting time! When you start to draft your cause and effect essay, you may want to use your cause and effect diagram as the basis for an outline. Review your notes and identify the most significant causes or effects. It can really help if you ask yourself the following or similar questions: Who was liable? Who or what was affected? What effect(s) or consequence(s) did the event have on the economic or social issues?
Once you are clear on the questions you need to ask, based on those questions, compose a thesis statement that should clearly state your topic. Since cause and effect essays require a good identifiable structure, essay’s are usually in chronological order. Though at times, the use of “reverse chronological” order is necessary when working on a specific topic; an example for a reverse chronological order might begin with an effect(s) and map them out back to their initial cause. In either case, structure, students should always write paragraphs with strong, clear topic sentences and relevant supporting details.
Students, when writing their essays should keep the following points and suggestions in mind:
What is the purpose of writing this essay, is it to inform or persuade
Students should always focus on recent and direct causes and effects. They should limit themselves to a cause(s) that took place recently and are interrelated. They should try to avoid distant or indirect cause(s), as justifying or finding proof of such is difficult
Students should strengthen their essays by using providing convincing evidence. Students should define proper terms, present facts and statistics, or provide examples, or personal observations that articulate their ideas
Additionally, students should Qualify or limit their statements about cause and effect. Unless there is clear evidence that one event is related to another, qualify your statements with phrases such as “It appears that the cause was” or “It seems likely” or “The evidence may indicate” or “Available evidence suggests.”